- •Existing gap in nursing curriculum in areas related to optimal use of antimicrobials.
- •Barriers to clinical application of nurses' skills towards achieving desirable outcomes in patient care.
- •Need to impart focussed training on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and antimicrobial stewardship (AS) to nurses.
- •This article provides a launch point for considering scope of such trainings within the context of hospital settings in India as well as other countries.
- •Help inform future strategies for successful implementation of such trainings with the ultimate goal of fighting the battle against the global pandemic threat of AMR.
Nurses, the largest group among healthcare professionals, hold a pivotal position to positively influence antimicrobial management by virtue of being in constant touch with patients and their widespread engagement in multiple activities relating to antimicrobial use. However, the existing gap in nursing curriculum particularly in areas related to antimicrobial resistance and optimal use of these agents limits the clinical application of nurses' skills and pose barrier to their contribution towards achieving desirable outcomes in patient care. This training program was conducted to increase the nurses' awareness on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and sensitize them on their role in optimal antimicrobial management and stewardship activities.
Training comprised of 4 modules focussing on topics like key concepts on antimicrobials, AMR, infection prevention and control, antibiotic allergy, optimal use of antibiotics and antimicrobial stewardship (AS). The participants' knowledge at baseline and 1 week after program were assessed.
Results and conclusions
190 nurses participated in the program. Post program there was a consistent increase in the number of correct responses to all knowledge-based questions pertaining to 4 modules. A significant improvement in knowledge scores for all modules from baseline was also seen. The participants rated the overall quality of program as very good and agreed on its applicability in their practice. The training program was quite successful in educating nurses on critical issues related to AMR and AS. Nurses need to be constantly trained and sensitized for their potential contributions in the field of AMR and stewardship.
To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to Infection, Disease & Health
Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
Already an online subscriber? Sign in
Register: Create an account
Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect
- Review on antimicrobial resistance. Tackling drug-resistant infections globally: final report and recommendations.2016 (Available online:)(accessed January 2022)
- WHO's first global report on antibiotic resistance reveals serious, worldwide threat to public health. 2014 (Available at:)(accessed December 2021)
- Global increase and geographic convergence in antibiotic consumption between 2000 and 2015.Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2018; 115: E3463-E3470https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1717295115
- NDM-1 (New Delhi metallo beta lactamase-1) producing Gram-negative bacilli: emergence and clinical implications.Indian J Med Res. 2014; 140: 672-678
- Global action plan on antimicrobial resistance.2015 (Available at:)(accessed December 2021)
- National action plan on AMR (NAP-AMR), 2017–2021.2017 (Available at:)(accessed February 2022)
- Antibiotic stewardship: the role of clinical nurses and nurse educators.Nurse Educ Today. 2018; 60: 157-160
- Redefining the antibiotic stewardship team: recommendations from the American nurses association/centers for disease control and prevention workgroup on the role of registered nurses in hospital antibiotic stewardship practices.American Nurses Association, Silver Springs, MD2017
- Role of nurse practitioners within health system in India: a case of untapped potential.J Fam Med Prim Care. 2021; 10: 2751-2756https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2283_20
- Nurse role and contribution to antimicrobial stewardship. An integrative review.Int J Nurs Stud. 2021; 117: 103787
- The critical role of the staff nurse in antimicrobial stewardship—unrecognized, but already there.Clin Infect Dis. 2016; 62: 84-89
- Keeping patients safe: antibiotic resistance and the role of nurse executives in antibiotic stewardship.J Nurs Adm. 2015; 45: 67-69
- Antimicrobial stewardship: the role of the nurse.Nurs Stand. 2013; 28: 46-49
- Clinical nurses are active partners in antimicrobial stewardship efforts: results from a multisite survey.Open Forum Infect Dis. 2016; 3 (suppl 1)
- Integrating staff nurses in antibiotic stewardship: opportunities and barriers.Am J Infect Control. 2018; 46: 737-742
- Integrating bedside nurses into antibiotic stewardship: a practical approach.Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2019; 40: 579-584
- Exploring the nurses' role in antibiotic stewardship: a multisite qualitative study of nurses and infection preventionists.Am J Infect Control. 2018; 46: 492-497
- Perceived roles and barriers to nurses' engagement in antimicrobial stewardship: a Thai qualitative case study.Infect Dis Health. 2021; 26: 218-227
- Nurses' role in antibiotic stewardship at medical wards of a referral hospital in Malawi: understanding reality and identifying barriers.International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences. 2021; : 100311https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijans.2021.100311
- Using the essentials of baccalaureate education for professional nursing practice (2008) as a framework for curriculum revision.J Prof Nurs. 2011; 27: 385-389
M.Sc Nursing syllabus. Available at: https://indiannursingcouncil.org/uploads/pdf/159930677710092472745f537c1986880.pdf (accessed : March 2022).
B.Sc nursing syllabus for Indian students. Available at: https://www.aeccglobal.in/blog/bsc-nursing-syllabus-for-indian-students (accessed : March 2022).
- An online course improves nurses' awareness of their role as antimicrobial stewards in nursing homes.Am J Infect Control. 2017; 45: 466-470
- The effect of educational intervention on healthcare providers' knowledge, attitude and practice towards antimicrobial stewardship program at National Liver Institute, Egypt.Egyptian Liver Journal. 2020; 10: 5https://doi.org/10.1186/s43066-019-0016-5
- An educational intervention to improve antimicrobial use in a hospital-based long-term care facility.J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007; 55: 1236-1242https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01251.x
Published online: April 18, 2023
Accepted: March 21, 2023
Received in revised form: February 8, 2023
Received: November 11, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Corrected Proof
© 2023 Australasian College for Infection Prevention and Control. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.