- •Clostridium difficile can contaminate soiled hospital equipment.
- •This study tested the DEKO-190 Washer/Disinfector's ability to reduce C. difficile spore contamination of bedpans.
- •Spore counts were reduced most effectively using a long or intensive wash cycle using alkaline detergent.
Clostridium difficile is a major nosocomial pathogen causing mild diarrhoea to life-threatening pseudomembranous colitis, and its spores frequently contaminate hospital environments and equipment. Washer/Disinfectors (WDs) are commonly used to clean and decontaminate soiled equipment in health care facilities. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the DEKO-190 WD in removing C. difficile spores from bedpans.
Plastic carriers were inoculated with suspensions of C. difficile spores in autoclaved (sterile) human faeces. The carriers were then taped to a sterile plastic bedpan which was subjected to short, long or intensive wash cycles in the WD using one of two test detergents: Formula A (generic) and Formula B (highly alkaline). Mean log10 reductions in spores were calculated for each wash cycle.
Mean log10 reductions were 3.21(SEM ± 0.20) and 2.82 (±0.13) for Formula A and B, respectively, for the short cycle. The mean log10 reductions using the long wash cycle were 3.65 (±0.44) using Formula A and 5.30 (±0.43) using Formula B, while log10 reductions were 3.37 (±0.58) (Formula A) and 4.64 (±0.47) (Formula B) for the intensive cycle. Washing with the DEKO-190 significantly reduced spore concentrations on carrier surfaces on a bedpan. Spore counts were most effectively reduced when carriers were washed on a long or intensive wash cycle using an alkaline detergent.
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Published online: August 03, 2019
Accepted: July 15, 2019
Received in revised form: July 11, 2019
Received: May 17, 2019
© 2019 Australasian College for Infection Prevention and Control. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.